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Meteora

In the northwest part of Thessaly, in central Greece, between the Hasia Mountains that lie in the Northeast and the Pindos Mountains that lie in the West, where the plain of Thessaly ends, gigantic rocks rise and create a universally unique spectacle. The phenomenon of the rock's birth is not mentioned in Greek mythology, nor by any Greek or foreign historian.

It's been about a thousand years since historians and geologists have started to study the creation of these rocks, expressing various theories. The prevailing theory is that of the German geologist Philipson, who came to Greece in the late 19th century. According to his theory, a large river had its estuary in this area that was covered by deep and narrow sea for millions of years. In the river mouth various materials and stones were transferred by the water from the Northern parts of primordial central Europe. From the accumulation of these materials delta-shaped cones were formed.

25 to 30 million years ago, after a series of geological changes that took place through the centuries, the central part of present-day Greece was elevated and the region of Thessaly was sunk entirely, allowing for the formation of a lake. Later on, the vale of Tempi was formed, which facilitated the pouring of the waters into the Aegean sea. Thus was the plain of Thessaly revealed.

During the Tertiary period, when the Alpian orogenies were taking place, blocks of rocks were cut off from the Pindos mountain range and the valley of the Pinios River was formed between them.

With the continuous erosions by the wind, the rain, and other geological changes, these rocks took their current shape after millions of years. In the cavities of the rocks, their fissures, and on their peaks the locals sought protection from the raids of various conquerors and by-passers.